Provence is bounded by the
to the east and the Rhône River to the west, with the
providing its southern border. It has an unusually varied physical
aspect, with landscapes ranging from fertile plains in the Rhône
valley, to mountains in the east (notably Mont Ventoux, the Luberon and
the Alpilles) and marshlands in the south (the Camargue).
The Principality of Monaco is
nestled between Nice and Italy. Marseille, Aix-en-Provence, Avignon and
Arles are other cities of importance in Provence. Marseille is by far
the largest city in Provence, and is the chef-lieu (capital
city) of both the Bouches-du-Rhône département and
of the Provence-Alpes-Côte-d'Azur région.