Brittany (Bretagne in french, Breizh in Breton; Bertaèyn in Gallo) is a
former independent kingdom and duchy, then province of France. It is
also, more generally, the name of the cultural area whose limits
correspond to the old province and independent duchy.
The historical province of Brittany was split between two modern-day
régions of France. 80% of Brittany has become the région
of Bretagne, while the remaining 20% of Brittany (Loire-Atlantique
département with its préfecture Nantes, one of the former
capitals of the duchy of Brittany) has been grouped with other
historical provinces (Anjou, Maine, and so on) to create the
région of Pays-de-la-Loire (that is "lands of the Loire").
Brittany occupies a large peninsula in the northwest of France, lying
between the English Channel to the north and the Bay of Biscay to the
south. Its land area is 34,034 km² (13,137 sq. mi).
In 2004 the population of Brittany is estimated at 4,198,500
inhabitants. 72% of these live in the Bretagne région, while 28%
of these live in the Pays-de-la-Loire région. At the 1999
census, the largest metropolitan areas were Nantes (711,120
inhabitants), Rennes (521,188 inhabitants), and Brest (303,484