Castellon, Valence, Alicante
Superficy 23.105 km2
Population 3.790.164 hab.
Winter: 17,5° Spring : 23°
Summer: 29,5° Automn : 22°
Valencià in Catalan, Comunidad Valenciana or
País Valenciano in Spanish) is an autonomous community in
eastern Spain. Between the Sénia and Segura rivers, it has 518
kilometers of coastline on the Mediterranean and covers 23,255 km²
of land with 4.5 million inhabitants (ca. 2004). Valencia also
administers the coastal Columbretes islands and Nova Tabarca. To a high
degree, these borders reflect those of the historic Kingdom of Valencia.
Valencia's Statute of Autonomy declares the official languages
Castilian (name given to Spanish) and Valencian (name given to
Catalan). Although the Spanish Constitution of 1978 obligates citizens
to know Spanish throughout Spain, the statute grants Catalan special
protected status, referring to it as the autonomous community's "own
language" (llengua pròpia).
The origins of Valencia date back to the former Kingdom of Valencia,
which came into existence in the 13th century. James I "the Conqueror"
led Catalan and Aragonese colonization of the Islamic taifas of
Valencia and Dénia. The first attempt to gain self-government
for Valencian Country in modern-day Spain was during the 2nd Spanish
Republic, in 1936 year, but the Civil War broke out and the Valencian
autonomist project was suspended. Recently there has been bipartisn
movement toward reforming the Valencian statute of autonomy to
officially recognize Valencia as a nationality.
Traditionally the land is divided into comarques, and in 1883 was,
along with the rest of Spain, divided into provinces. There are 32
comarques, and three provinces: Castelló, València, and