El Hiejo, La Palma, Gomera,
Tenerife, Gran Canaria, Fuerteventura, Lanzarote
Superficy 7.242 km2
Population 1.142.523 hab.
Capitals Las Palmas de Gran Canaria et
Santa Cruz de Tenerife
Winter : 19° Spring: 22°
Summer : 27° Autumn : 23°
The canary islands are an archipelago of the Kingdom of
Spain consisting of seven islands of volcanic origin in the Atlantic
Ocean. They are located off the northwestern coast of Africa (Morocco
and the Western Sahara). They form an autonomous community of Spain.
The name derives probably from a north African tribe (the Canarii) or
possibly the Latin term Insularia Canaria meaning Island of the Dogs, a
name applied originally only to the island of Gran Canaria. It is
thought that the dense population of an endemic breed of large and
fierce dogs was the characteristic that most struck the few ancient
Romans who established contact with the islands by the sea.